1st, 14th PsyOp/PsyWar Battalions and The 7th PsyOp Group


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A Missing Chapter in Unit History. The 14th RB&L On Okinawa From Hawaii in 1958-59 Before Reorganization To The 14th PsyWar Bn
Click For Story

Pictures Taken in Sukiran Outside Studio Building.


Special Operations Media Complex Named For LT Merkel 7th PsyOps KIA Vietnam 1968


Crest Worn by 14th RB&L

Torii Patch
14th PsyOp Bn Crest
7th PsyOp Group Crest

View of East China Sea From Headquarters Company at Machinato Service Area (Presently Camp Kinser) Okinawa 1961

History of 1st, 14th PsyWar/PsyOps Battalions and The 7th PsyOp Group

by Tim P. Yoho

I served as a member of the United States Army Broadcasting and Visual Activity Pacific (USAB&VAPAC), 14th Psychological Warfare (PsyWar) Battalion on Okinawa from 1961-1963 and in August 2004 decided to research the history of this unit. My search on the Internet turned up very little if any information.

I therefore decided to piece together some history and events based on my experiences and included photos and documentation from my personal collection..

Since beginning the project in 2004, the original page has grown. I was pleasantly surprised to hear from numerous individuals who provided additional information in the form of pictures and accounts.. The page was expanded to include the reorganization of the 14th PsyWar Bn to the 14th PsyOp Bn and the 7th PsyOp Group... The page was expanded (1/06) to include the 14th Radio Broadcasting and Leaflet Battalion, the predecessor to the 14th PsyWar. .Shortly thereafter I added the 1st Radio Broadcasting and leaflet Battalion that served in the korean War. The most recent addition is 14th Radio Broadcasting and Leaflet Company that moved from Hawaii and set up operation on Okinawa from 1958-59 prior to the reorganization to the 14th PsyWar Battalion in which I was a member.

A roster of 1,350 officers, enlisted personnel and civilians have been identified and listed to date (11/15/18)

The roster of names can be found in "Organization and Roster' which follows in menu..In some cases information and current e-mail addresses are provided with the names. If you would like your name added or know names of former members, please contact me.

A unit lineage and brief history of the each unit appears below followed by more detailed information in the Menu.. I have also added a "Where Are They Now" Page which lists known present status of members.

I would appreciate hearing from anyone who would like to contribute to the history of these units.

 I arrived on Okinawa a Pvt. and left Okinawa and the Army as an Sp4.. I later completed a Ph.D. in Insect Physiology and Biochemistry.. In 2004 I retired from Lock Haven University of PA after 30 years as a Professor of Biology..

I presently live near Lock Haven in central PA... Visit my Homepage to see other interests and activities.

PFC Tim Yoho 1961
Dr. Tim Yoho 2014

Unit Lineage

The Initial PsyOp Unit: The 14th PsyOp Battalion 1943-1945

The first link in the chain of units leading to the 7th PsyOp Group was the 4th Mobile Radio Broadcasting Company designated the 14th Psychological Operations Battalion in 1943.. Other than campaign participation credit in Rhineland: Ardennes-Alsace, nothing is known about this first unit....Any information about this unit would be greatly appreciated.

The 1st and 14th Radio Broadcasting and Leaflet Battallions and The 14th PsyWar Battalion

The history and organization of units comprizing the 14th has been expanded to include the 1st and 14th RB&L. Battallions. The 1st RB&L was formed in 1950 and served in the Korean War. It was deactivaed in 1954. In 1956, the command structure of the 1st was renamed Broadcasting and Visual Activity (B&VA) and became the 14th RB&L battalion stationed in Hawaii. The 14th PsyWar Bn was formed or reorganized from this group. As early as 1958, the 14th were moving equipment and personnel to Okinawa....Although the 14th PsyWar did not officially come into existance until 1961, they were in operation as part of the 14th RB&L.

New information (3/15) indicates that the 14th RB&L had HQ and Barracks in Sukiran Okinawa in 1958 and 1959 and perhaps until 1961 when the reorganization to the 14th PsyWar Battalion occurred and the unit moved to new barracks and communications compound in Machinato Okinawa.

Evidence also reveals that The Korea Detachments of the 14th PsyWar did not originate from the 14th RB&L but were "descendants" of the 1st RB&L which was the major PsyOp unit functioning during the Korean War.

Further Information and history of the 1st and 14th RB&L and the 14th PsyWar Battalions can be found in menu below.

Reorganization to the 7th PsyOps Group

The 14th PsyWar Battalion became the 14th PsyOp Battalion in 1965 and all components known as B&VA became the 7th PsyOps Group. The 7th Group remained part of the active army until 1975 when it was transferred to the active reserves. The history of the 7th Group is included in the menu.

The role of the 14th Bn after the reorganization to the 7th Group was that of a support unit to the 7th Group. More about this reorganization and the role of the 14th Bn can be found in Menu item "Reorganization of 14th PsyWar to 14th PsyOps and 7th Group".

Past Unit Mission

Since I began this page in 2004 as a history of the 14th PsyWar Battalion, I have retained below the "Mission" summary that was in operation during my tour. The mission was expanded during the reorganization to the 7th Group and can be accessed in the menu.

The "Mission" of our Battalion in the Cold War was to monitor and research information, and to broadcast and disseminate "the truth" to mainland China, North Korea Vietnam and other asian countries. .We also "entertained" the troops with local broadcasts consisting of news and music.

The Battalion Headquarters for the 14th was on Okinawa but there were detachments in Japan and Korea. In Korea the unit was known as VUNC or The Voice of The United Nations Command. Headquarters Company was located in Seoul and two VUNC broadcast sites were located near the DMZ.

Although some shows were taped and also broadcast live from Korea, the main VUNC studios were located on Okinawa. Shows were taped and sent to Korea for rebroadcasting by means of a 50 KW shortwave transmitter located at Deragawa Okinawa. The location of the first VUNC studio is unknown but was moved to Machinato in 1961 or 62.

The 14th consisted of fixed HF transmitters, fixed and mobile AM radio broadcasting stations, and printing, loudspeaker, language and research detachments.. Many of our broadcasts (in Korea) used the Call Sign VUNC or Voice of The United Nations Command.. AM Broadcasts on Okinawa were identified as "B&VA" (Broadcasting and Visual Activity)..

Besides producing PsyWar Leaflets, the printing detachment published a bimonthly newspaper the "Veritas" that was read by many troops on Okinawa. .The 14th and later the 7th Group also published a magazine about Okinawa life entitled "Shurei No Hakari"....

The men of "PsyWar" or "PsyWarriors" as we were called were highly trained and required a minimum of a secret clearance.

Our Battalion also traveled extensively throughout Asia as individuals, small groups, and company sized units to train others in the use of PsyWar equipment and methods. The 14th worked closely with units such as the 173rd Airborne, the 1st Special Forces, and various Marine Forces on Okinawa and throughout asia in various exercises..

We were encouraged to take jump training in 1962 and I regret that I did not opt to do so. According to Glenn Kump who served at 14th HQ company from 1963-1964, HQ Company went airborne in the summer of 1964. Personnel were given the option of taking jump training with the 173rd or transferring. "Advisory and Support, Airborne" was added to the Company designation. Col. Charlie Nahlik (Ret.) communicated that only the 18th PsyOp Company which served as HQ for the 7th Group were airborne during 1966-68 although individuals throughout the organization were jump trained.

Some members of our unit were among the first advisors in Vietnam including Lt. Richard Jump (15th Det. 62-63) and Capt Alan Bates Harriman who was killed in 1964 while on assignment with the 1st Special Forces. Six additional members of the 7th Group were also KIA during 1967-1970. Their names and other information can be found on "Where Are They Now" page.

Shortly before the reorganization of the 14th PsyWar Bn into the 7th PsyOp Group, seven officers and 17 enlisted personnel of the 14th were sent TDY to Vietnam as members of the 1st Psyops Field Support Detachment (Provisional) in July 1965...

The 14th Headquarters Company and Barracks (Click Photo) was located in Ft. Buckner on "Perimeter Road" less than a mile north of what had been called the Machinato Service Area. This region is now occupied by Camp Kisner (blue arrow on above map).

The 16th Company to which I was assigned, moved to an Air Force site at Deragawa near Kadena in 1962 (Blue Circle on map). This site cotinued in operation after the reorganization to the 7th Group in 1965. Operations continued until at least 1972 and possibly until 1974 when the 7th Group was moved to the reserves. The land and facilities were returned to Okinawa some time after 1972.

Jim D'Amato served with the 16th from 1970-71 and said the company, himself included, was deployed to Cambodia/Thailand in 1970. Scott Peacock who also served with the 16th in Cambodia said the unit was in Cambodia'Thailand until 1973 or longer.

A history of the 16th including an account of my tour as well as the rediscovery of Deragawa in 2007 can be found in the menu. 


Received the following e-mail from LTC R. Eric Udouj 7th POG S3 on 7/18/08:

Read through your history on the web - and it was good reading....But it stopped prior to when the real history began again. It may seem to some that becoming a Reserve unit means doing fewer things - but that is a greater myth than anything PSYOP could create. The tactical PSYOP forces in the reserves harbor far more combat experience than our active duty brethren, and many have done three or more tours in Afghanistan and Iraq in the 7 years we have been at war. The deployments and missions are constant to CENTCOM - and the 7th POG also supports both PACOM and SOUTHCOM Global Combatant Commanders. The demands being made on the force have began yet the creation of a fourth company for each Tactical Battalion as well as the standing up of the new 17th Battalion (tactical) in TX and LA.

The 14th BN is currently the POTF in Afganistan and has been since the beginning of the year. They are engaging AQ and the Taliban there. The BN and the 301st TPC(ABN) and the 304th TPC were in the first phase of the war in Iraq. The 324th TPC was in the next rotation.

The 301st TPC(ABN) has been into Mindanao and further south in the Philippines as part of the Balikatan efforts that have supported the Global War on Terror efforts of Joint Special Operations Task Force Philippines and the Philippine Armed Forces.

Soldiers of the 301st TPC(ABN) were part of the surge into Iraq ordered by President Bush to Baghdad and Mosul.

The 7th POG consists of:

Best regards from Moffett Field

LTC R. Eric Udouj
7th POG S3


E-Mail Tim Yoho

Member Psychological Operations Veterans Association (POVA)



Army Honors 10 for Service to Special Forces, Civil Affairs and PsyOps at Fort Bragg 6/8/19

7th PsyOp Group on Facebook. 6/8/19

An Account from the book "Do Good Boy" relating Jerry Bledsoe's tour in the 14th from 1961-1963. After his service Jerry became a noted newspaper reporter and author. 6/15/18

Eric Alberts (1940-2010) Artist served in 14th Public Information/Research Division 1961-63. His works are in private and museum collections in US, Asia and Europe. 6/15/18

Update of Former Location of HQ Barracks at Machinato With View From Camp Kinser 6/22/18

New Pictures Provided By Joe Tanzi 7th Group 1970-71 12/5/17

2014 Obit of James E. Braatz GS13 Chief Radio Branch 15th Det. 1968 11/14/17

Profile LTC Weldon W. Wilson CO 14th Bn and XO 7th Group 1964-1966 4/18/17

Page Contacts: Individuals with questions about the Unit. Latest: 12/29/2016

Passing of Major Donald Berger 7th Group Asst S-4 1968 1/2/17

Passing of LTC Orion J. Hyde 7th Group 14th Bn 1969-1971

Additional Men In 15th Printing Detachment 1963-1965 Via Email From Bill Fleak 7/26/16

March 4, 2016 Passing of Michael Johnson 7th PsyOps 1969-1971

Brief Email and Pictures From Lt. Roger Jackson Who Served In 7th From 1968-1970, 10/3/15

Photos from 1st Lt Michael Bercutt: 15th Det. Korea Section Briefings 1968; Machinato 2nd Log Command and Lumberyard; Machinato BOQ's 1967-68 7/1/15

Obit Of Col. Harold F. Bentz Plans Officer 14th PsyOps Hawaii/Okinawa and Commanding Officer 7th PsyOps Group.
April 10th 2015 Death of Dick Himes, who as member of Air Force, helped build the Deragawa Compound used by the 16th PsyWar/PsyOps Company.4/22/15
Attention Earl "Joe" Walsh (15th Det 7th Group): Earl or Anyone Who Knows Him Please Contact Editor (Tim Yoho) 4/9/15

A 2006 Visit To Battlefields and Caves of Okinawa 12/29/14

Moffett Airfield Home to 7th PsyOp Group Leased to Google for 1.5 Billion. 11/12/14

2014 Reunion of Retired Officers Who Served as Captains in 7th Group 1966-1968 10/6/14

Death of Jack Kellner (VUNC Korea 1960-62) Noted Radio and TV Personality in Hawaii. 3/6/13
Recollections Of The 7th Group 1972-73 by Jim Wilks. Contains names of many who served and some photos. 11/10/12
Mail From Bill Boyle Who is Experiencing PTSD From His Vietnam Tour 11/9/12
7th PsyOp Group On Facebook 11/9/12
Obit of John S. Gantt, Maj 7th Group S-3 (1969-1971) 10/19/12
Disney Movie "Operation Dumbo Drop" based on mission of Green Beret John Gantt. 10/19/12

Calvin Barker Two Tours (Okinawa & Tailand): 1964-66 and 1970-72 8/21/12

Okinawa: Bastion Of The Pacific. Film Showing Battle of Okinawa and life after until the late 1950's early 60's. 5/4/12

Account of Stephen Catlin, 7th Group, 15th Company 1966-69 8/11/11
Account of Nicolas Kariouk 14th RB&L 1955-1956. Includes Pictures and Three Stories about his Tour and Bio. 4/15/11
"A General Knows a Frontal Assault When He Sees One"
"Sometimes Price of Procrastination Cannot Be Paid"
"Receiving My Citizenship"
The 14th RB&L Bn and Formation of the 14th and 1st Special Forces. 2/2/11
Mapping of Okinawa and Life in 1955-57. A Non PsyOps Account. 3/15/10
60 Pages of Pictures and Commentary About Okinawa From 1945 Through The 1970's 3/15/10
List of all 7th POG Commanders to Present (See Organization & Roster) 11/14/09
Tribute To COL W.M. Lundelius, Commander 7th POG 1966-1968 11/14/09
Korean & WWII PsyWar Documents and Leaflets 11/14/09
E-Mail From LTC Eric Udouj: 7th POG Documents/Photos From Moffett Field Display Case Updated with New Photos 11/16/09
E-Mail From Then Sp5 Ronald L. Waters 7th Group, 18th Co. 1967-69 8/1/09
E-Mail From Then Captain Peter Robertson 14th PsyWar 1961-64   6/23/09
E-Mail From Then Sp4 Manny Kagan, 7th Group 1972-73   6/23/09
UPDATE On Deragawa As USAF Transmitter Site Before The 16th PsyWar 3/19/09

PSYOPS in Korea 1968-1975. Submitted by Chris Battis 2/20/09

Covers highlights of major changes up to the deactivation of the 24th PSYOP Detachment, which replaced the Korea Detachment on 4 December 1968. The 24th PSYOP provided all audio and visual, strategic-psychological operations support to the United Nations Command/United States Forces Korea. See "Unit Histories Origin of 24th PsyOp"



Unit Profiles and Roster




Unit Histories and Accounts


1st Radio Broadcasting and Leaflet Battalion

Korean & WWII PsyWar Documents and Leaflets 11/14/09
Korean War 1st RB&L Lineage To 7th PsyOp Group 32 Page History "Life and Times" of 1st RB&L
Personel Accounts of The 1st Radio Broadcasting and Leaflet Company Includes Pictures
1st Loudspeaker & Leaflet Co, a separate unit from the 1st RB&L Bn in the Korean War 

14th Radio Broadcasting and Leaflet Battalion

History and Personal Accounts of The 14th Radio Broadcasting & Leaflet (RB&L) Bn 1954-1958 Includes Pictures
Information Needed about Members of 14th RB&L Bn
The 305th RB&L PsyOp by Robert Conrad

14th Psychological Warfare Battalion

14th PsyWar Bn HQ Machinato Okinawa and Korea Det. 1961-1962: Editor Tim Yoho's Tour
Mission Statement of 14th PsyWar Bn 1962
Documented History of 14th PsyWar Battalion Including 3rd Anniversery Greetings by Unit Commander (1962)
14th PsyWar Bn first to send "Field Support Detachment" to Vietnam ( May 1965) 2nd Detachment sent in July 65 (1st Provisional)
Personal Accounts of 14th PsyWar Bn 1958-1965 Includes Pictures and Editor's Tour

7th Psychological Operations Group

Reorganization of the 14th PsyWar to The 7th Group 1965
The Role of the 14th Bn in The 7th Group 1967. .Includes Activities and  Awards
STATCOM-PACFO Interaction with 7th PsyOp Groups in Korea
History of 15th PsyOp Detachment Okinawa 1968
15th PsyOp Printing Detachment Power Point Presentation.
Origin of the 24th PsyOp Detachment: From 1968 7th Group Unit History
Personal Accounts of 7th Group 1965-1971 Includes Pictures

Combined History of 14th Bn and 7th Group

History of the 16th PsyOp Company 1961-1974   Includes Editor Tim Yoho's Tour
The 16th Company Transmitter site at Deragawa Okinawa Rediscovered in 2007
14th Battalion/7th Group Machinato Barracks and Communications Compound Rediscovered in 2007. Update 2018 with YouTube Video From Camp Kinser
History of Korea Detachments: 14th PsyWar and 7th Group
Rediscovery (2011) of Seoul and Original VUNC B PsyOp Korea Broacast Sites
History of The 18th Detachment/Company
Role of the 18th Detachment/Company
Shurei No Hikari: A Magazine Published by the 14th and 7th Group
A Brief History of PsyOps and Special Forces: an Identifty Crisis


Other PsyOp Information

"B.C. Street", A Fictional Account of A Marine's (E.A. Cooper) Tour of Okinawa in The 1960's
Report and Summary of interviews of Former PsyOp Personnel for Documentary by Okinawan Historical Society
Korea Defense Service Medal


Status of Former Members, Member Query Page, GuestBook, And Page Contacts.

Where Are They Now: Present Status and Those Who Have Gone Before Us Including Members KIA Vietnam.

Page Contacts: Individuals with questions about the Unit. Latest: 12/29/2016

Mike Peters: Pulitzer Prize Winner, Author of Mother Goose and Grimm and 7th PsyOp Group Member 1967-69   Mike Peters Responds 5/23/07

View Guestbook


The "Sun Sets" On The 14th As Editor Tim Yoho's Tour Ends


Tim Yoho's Home Page
Kermit Yoho, One of Only Two Combat Photographers KIA Vietnam
POVA (PsyOps Veterans Association) Anyone serving in PsyOps should consider joining this Association
The Psywarrior Page
4th PsyOps Group
7th PsyOps Group
7th PsyOps Group Histories
24th PsyOps Detachment Vietnam Note: There was a different 24th PsyOps Det (Korea) as part of 7th Group
15th British PsyOp Page
Okinawa The Last Battle
Fort Buckner Okinawa
Camp kinser, Machinato Service Area
Nice Okinawa Promo Page
Radio and Military PsOps
Military Buddy Finder
History of Phu Lam Vietnam, Army Communication Base
Torii Station Okinawa
Wartime Radio In the Pacific and Asia
PACFO Forum Discussion Group

For Comments Contact Tim Yoho

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